Non-negative polynomials versus sums of squares
主 题: Non-negative polynomials versus sums of squares
报告人: Bernd Sturmfels（Professor of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science at UC Berkeley）
时 间: 2014-05-26 15:30-16:30
地 点: Lecture Hall, Jia Yi Bing Building, 82 Jing Chun Yuan, BICMR（主持人：姚远）
We discuss the geometry underlying the difference between non-negative polynomials and sums of squares. The hypersurfaces that discriminate these two cones for ternary sextics and quaternary quartics are shown to be Noether-Lefschetz loci of K3 surfaces. The projective duals of these hypersurfaces are defined by rank constraints on Hankel matrices. We compute their degrees using numerical algebraic geometry, thereby verifying results due to Maulik and Pandharipande. The non-SOS extreme rays of the two cones of non-negative forms are parametrized respectively by the Severi variety of plane rational sextics and by quartic symmetroids. This lecture is based on work of Greg Blekherman, and a joint paper with Jonathan Hauenstein, John Christian Ottem and Kristian Ranestad.