分析和PDE讨论班—Partial Differential Equations of Mixed Elliptic-Hyperbolic Type in Mechanics and Geometry
主 题: 分析和PDE讨论班—Partial Differential Equations of Mixed Elliptic-Hyperbolic Type in Mechanics and Geometry
报告人: Gui-Qiang G. Chen (University of Oxford)
时 间: 2017-04-25 14:00-15:00
地 点: 理科1号楼1418
Abstract: As is well-known, two of the basic types of linear partial differential equations (PDEs) are elliptic type and hyperbolic type, following the classification for linear PDEs first proposed by Jacques Hadamard in the 1920s; and linear theories of PDEs of these two types have been considerably established, respectively. On the other hand, many nonlinear PDEs arising in mechanics, geometry, and other areas naturally are of mixed elliptic-hyperbolic type. The solution of some longstanding fundamental problems in these areas greatly requires a deep understanding of such nonlinear PDEs of mixed type. Important examples include shock reflection-diffraction problems in fluid mechanics (the Euler equations) and isometric embedding problems in differential geometry (the Gauss-Codazzi-Ricci equations), among many others. In this talk we will present natural connections of nonlinear PDEs of mixed elliptic-hyperbolic type with these longstanding problems and will then discuss some of the recent developments in the analysis of these nonlinear PDEs through the examples with emphasis on developing and identifying mathematical approaches, ideas, and techniques for dealing with the mixed-type problems. Further trends, perspectives, and open problems in this direction will also be addressed.